The 2022 Masters Primer: History, TV, Field, Odds

The Masters - Field, Odds, TV
Credit: Getty Images/David Cannon

It is the first week of April and the azaleas are blooming, which can only mean one thing: The Masters is here! It is the week all sports fan circle on their calendars and feign illness/injury so they can spend Thursday-Sunday on the couch.

Since 1934, Bobby Jones’ dream tournament has been conducted at Augusta National Golf Club, the most iconic location in golf, as the backdrop. It is considered to be the ultimate test of championship golf.

The field teeing it up this week in northern Georgia will feature 49 of the top-50 ranked players in the Official World Golf Rankings. But all eyes will be on a player ranked No. 973: Eldrick “Tiger” Woods, as the five-time Masters champ makes his long-awaited return to the big stage.

As we do each week, let’s take a look at the history, field, stats and other factoids as we prepare for the season’s first major.


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The Skinny

The MASTERS
Dates: Apr. 7-10, 2022
PGA Tour Debut: 1934
PGA TOUR Week: 23 (of 43)
Course: Augusta National GC
Where: Augusta, GA
Distance: Par 72, 7435 yards
Architect: Alister McKenzie, Bobby Jones
Field: 88 (by invitation)
Format: Stroke, 72-holes
Cut: 36 holes
Purse: $11,500,000
Winning Share: $2,070,000
FedExCup Pts: 600
OWGR Pts: 100
2021 Champion: Hideki Matsuyama


How to Follow The MASTERS

CBS Golf Masters Week
Jack Nicklaus visits the the CBS booth and speaks with Nick Faldo and Jim Nantz at Muirfield Village on June 1, 2019 in Dublin, Ohio. (Photo by Chris Condon / PGA TOUR via Getty Images)

TELEVISION: Thu-Fri: 3-7:30 p.m. (ESPN); Sat: 3-7 p.m. (CBS); Sun: 2-7 p.m. (CBS)

STREAMING: Thu-Fri: 8:30 a.m.; Sat-Sun: 11 a.m. (ESPN+, MASTERS.COM)

RADIO: Thu-Sun: 2-7 p.m. (CBS Radio, Sirius 208, XM 92)
All times Eastern

LINKS: Website | Instagram | Twitter | Facebook


History of The MASTERS

Gene Sarazen 1935 Masters Winner Grantland Rice
Masters winner Gene Sarazen, and runner-up Craig Wood, receive checks Grantland Rice, renowned sports writer, at Augusta National Golf Club on April 9, 1935. Sarazen defeated Wood in the 36-hole playoff, highlighted by “the shot heard around the world” for the title by 5 up. (Photo by Bettmann via Getty Images)

Believe it or not, The Masters has not always been called The Masters, at least not officially.

Tournament co-founder Clifford Roberts wanted that name to be attached to the tournament right off the bat, but he was overruled by the legendary Bobby Jones, a paragon of humility, thought the name sounded boastful and pretentious.

As a result, the initial tournaments were given the prosaic name, Augusta National Invitation Tournament, but after five years, the tournament had become such a resounding success that Jones finally relented and allowed the event to officially be called The Masters.

The Masters began as an idea in the mind of Jones, who had achieved basically everything that could be achieved in golf. He wanted to build his own course, and hold his own tournament. He wanted to create the ultimate golf experience.

After Jones made the decision to build the course in Augusta, Georgia, he and Roberts found an old tree nursery that they felt would be the perfect place. Augusta National was created at that very spot, with help from renowned golf architect Alister MacKenzie.

The inaugural Masters teed off in 1934, with Horton Smith becoming the first champion. What helped the Masters really take off, however, was Gene Sarazen’s double-eagle on 15 on Sunday in 1935, known today as “the shot heard around the world”.

Sarazen would go on to win that Masters in a playoff, and it soon built a reputation for being a high-end tournament worthy of the best of the best.

Jack Nicklaus Green Jacket 1986 Bernhard Langer
Jack Nicklaus receives the green jacket from Bernhard Langer after winning the Masters at Augusta National Golf Club in Georgia, April 1986. (David Cannon / Allsport via Getty Images)

Over the years, the course and tournament format have been frequently updated, and many traditions were adopted. One such tradition, the green jacket, was originally just for club members, but the decision was made to make each year’s tournament winner an honorary Augusta member, and award them their own green jacket.

Other traditions include medals for winners and runner-ups, honorary tournament starters, the annual par-3 tournament and the Champion’s dinner, a feast hosted (and paid for) by the previous year’s winner.

Tournament winners have included many of the all-time greats, including Sarazen, Ben Hogan, Byron Nelson, Sam Snead, Arnold Palmer, Jack Nicklaus, Gary Player, Tom Watson, and Tiger Woods, among many others. Nicklaus holds the tournament record with six green jackets, followed by Woods with five, and Palmer with four.

Woods’ first Masters win (1997) was by an unfathomable 12 strokes, a tournament record. Jimmy Demaret, Snead, Player, Nick Faldo, and Phil Mickelson are three-time winners, while Horton Smith, Nelson, Hogan, Tom Watson, Seve Ballesteros, Bernhard Langer, Ben Crenshaw, Jose Maria Olazabal, and Bubba Watson have won twice. The winner is famously given a lifetime Masters exemption.

Masters History: Recent Winners

2021: Hideki Matsuyama (-10)
2020: Dustin Johnson (-20)
2019: Tiger Woods (-13)
2018: Patrick Reed (-15)
2017: Sergio Garcia (-9)
2016: Danny Willett (-5)
2015: Jordan Spieth (-18)
2014: Bubba Watson (-8)
2013: Adam Scott (-9)
2012: Bubba Watson (-10)

Masters History: Records

SCORING:
268 (-20) Dustin Johnson (2020)

WINS:
6 – Jack Nicklaus (1963, 1965-66, 1972, 1975, 1986)
5 – Tiger Woods (1997, 2001-02, 2005, 2019)
4 – Arnold Palmer (1958, 1960, 1962, 1964)
3 – Jimmy Demaret (1940, 1947, 1950)
3 – Sam Snead (1949, 1952, 1954)
3 – Gary Player (1961, 1974, 1978)
3 – Nick Faldo (1989-90, 1996)
3 – Phil Mickelson (2004, 2006, 2010)


The Course: Augusta National

Masters Tournament
Rory McIlroy, Jon Rahm, and Adam Scott walk to the 16th green during day two of the Masters at Augusta National Golf Club on April 6, 2018 in Augusta, GA. (Photo by Jamie Squire/Getty Images)

Augusta National Golf Club, located in the Georgia town of the same name, is one of the most famous golf clubs in the world.

Founded by Bobby Jones and Clifford Roberts on the site of the former Fruitlands Nursery, the course was designed by Jones and Alister MacKenzie, and opened for play in January 1933.

Since 1934, the club has played host to the annual Masters Tournament, one of the four major championships in professional golf, and the only major played each year at the same course.

Lengthened in recent years because of the increasing number of big hitters, the course still makes mortals of most.

Amen Corner – The second shot at the 11th, all of the 12th, and the first two shots at the 13th hole at Augusta are nicknamed “Amen Corner”. This term was first used in print by author Herbert Warren Wind in his April 21, 1958, Sports Illustrated article about the Masters that year. Wind said he wanted a catchy phrase like baseball’s “hot-corner” or football’s “coffin-corner” to explain where some of the most exciting golf had taken place. Thus “Amen Corner” was born.

Famous Moments: In 1958 Arnold Palmer outlasted Ken Venturi to win the tournament with heroic escapes at Amen Corner. Amen Corner also played host to Masters moments such as Byron Nelson‘s birdie-eagle at 12 and 13 in 1937, and Sam Snead‘s water save at 12 in 1949 that sparked him to victory.

On the flip side of fate, Jordan Spieth‘s quadruple bogey on No. 12 during Sunday’s final round in 2016 cost him his 2-stroke lead and ultimately the championship.

Rae’s Creek – Cutting across the southeastern corner of the Augusta National property, Rae’s Creek flows along the back of the 11th green, in front of the 12th green, and ahead of the 13th tee. This is the lowest point in elevation of the course.

The (Ben) Hogan and (Byron) Nelson Bridges cross the creek after the 12th and 13th tee boxes, respectively. The creek was named after former property owner John Rae, who died in 1789.

Rae’s Creek has a tributary evident at No. 13 tee, and flows at the back of No. 11 green. It was Rae’s house which was the farthest fortress up the Savannah River from Fort Augusta. The house kept residents safe during Indian attacks when the fort was out of reach.

General Eisenhower Masters Augusta
General and Mrs. Dwight Eisenhower are on vacation in Augusta, Georgia following the 1948 Masters. The pair are with Mr. and Mrs. George Allen, former advisor to President Truman. Pictured (left to right) The Eisenhowers; Clifford Roberts, Augusta Masters Chairman; Mrs. Allen; W.H. Robinson of New York, and Allen. (Photo by Bettmann via Getty Images)

Ike’s Pond – During a visit to Augusta National, then-General Eisenhower returned from a walk through the woods on the eastern part of the grounds, and informed Clifford Roberts that he had found a perfect place to build a dam if the club would like a fish pond.

Ike’s Pond was built and named, and the dam is located just where Eisenhower said it should be. This is also the location where Roberts committed suicide by gunshot in 1977. At age 83, he had been in ill health for several months with cancer and had a debilitating stroke.

Augusta National Facts
Holes/Yards: 18/7475
Par: 36-36-72
Front: 4, 5, 4, 3, 4, 3, 4, 5, 4
Back: 4, 4, 3, 5, 4, 5, 3, 4, 4
Amen Corner: Nos. 11-13

View PGW’s hole-by-hole course preview here.


The Masters Defending Champion

Hideki Matsuyama Wins the 2021 Masters Tournament at Augusta National Golf Club
Hideki Matsuyama shakes hands with Xander Schauffele on the 18th green after winning the Masters at Augusta National Golf Club on April 11, 2021 in Augusta, GA. (Photo by Jared C. Tilton/Getty Images)

On Sunday at Augusta National Golf Club, Hideki Matsuyama overcame some early jitters, and a late scare, producing a final-round 73 to claim victory at The Masters Tournament with a four-day total of 10-under par.

Entering Sunday’s finale at the historic Georgia golf course with a commanding four-shot lead, Matsuyama quickly saw that advantage reduced to just a single stroke with a first-hole bogey. But after an offset gain on No. 2, it was a smooth cruise the rest of the outward nine for the 29-year old star, as one by one the chasers faded.

Back-to-back birdies on Nos. 8 and 9 saw Matsuyama’s lead balloon to a full six at the turn. A late run by Xander Schauffele trimmed the advantage to a deuce with three to play, but once again it was the chaser who crashed, as Schauffele dunked his tee shot in the water guarding the 16th to end his run.

Matsuyama finished par-bogey to secure the iconic green jacket and a place in history as one of Japan’s greatest sportsmen.

The win earned Matsuyama $2,070,000, 600 FedExCup points, and 100 points towards the Official World Golf Rankings.

Final Top 5 Leaders

Pos-Player-To Par (Final Rd)
1. Hideki Matsuyama -10 (+1)
2. Will Zalatoris -9 (-2)
3. Jordan Spieth -7 (-2)
3. Xander Schauffele -7 (E)
5. Jon Rahm -6 (-6)
5. Marc Leishman -6 (+1)


The 2022 Masters’ Field

Rory McIlroy reacts to his shot from the 12th tee as Justin Thomas and Tiger Woods on during the second round of the 2020 PGA Championship at TPC Harding Park on Aug 7, 2020 in San Francisco, Calif. Photo by Harry How/Getty Images

The Masters has the smallest field of the major championships, generally limited to 85-100 players. Unlike other majors, there are no alternates or qualifying tournaments. It is by invitation only, with “invitations” issued to players who meet published criteria. For instance, the top 50 players in the Official World Golf Ranking are all invited.

This year’s field has 89 participants, but the players who can realistically entertain hopes of being swathed in a new green jacket on Sunday evening is limited to about 30.

Headlined by five-time Masters champion Tiger Woods, the field will also feature each of the top-20 ranked players in the world, including superstars like Patrick Cantlay, Collin Morikawa, Bryson DeChambeau, Dustin Johnson, Jon Rahm, Justin Thomas, Brooks Koepka, Xander Schauffele, Rory McIlroy, and Jordan Spieth. This group – particularly Rahm, DJ, Thomas, Morikawa, and McIlroy – are always the top betting favorites, no matter where they tee it up.

Other top-20 ranked stars include world No. 1 Scottie Scheffler, Viktor Hovland (4), Cameron Smith (6), Sam Burns (11), Louis Oosthuizen (14), and defending champ Hideki Matsuyama (12).

Next you have a strong group of players who could easily win the Masters, but are a bit of longer shots: Will Zalatoris, Daniel Berger, Paul Casey, Joaquin Niemann, Sungjae Im, Shane Lowry, Webb Simpson, Tyrell Hatton, Billy Horschel, and Matthew Fitzpatrick.

Then you have a group of big name former major winners, who’ve fallen some in terms of form and world ranking, but are still at a world-class level and could easily win this week: Adam Scott, Jason Day, Sergio Garcia, Justin Rose, Bubba Watson, and Gary Woodland.

Those are just the headliners. There are so many directions this tournament could go, often frequently thrown in less familiar directions by the strong international contingent that is always part of the mix. (Heck, can you ever totally rule out 62-year-old Fred Couples, the former Masters champ who has finished in the top 20 six times since 2010?)

Honorary starters Jack Nicklaus, Gary Player, and Tom Watson will officially open the tournament with tee shots at 7:45 a.m. Thursday. From there, let the drama unfold!

Top-5 Betting Favorites

1. Justin Thomas 12-1
1. Jon Rahm 12-1
3. Cameron Smith 14-1
3. Scottie Scheffler 14-1
5. Dustin Johnson 16-1

Full Field: Odds To Win

Augusta National | Augusta, GA | Apr 7-10, 2022


Credits: PGA Tour Media, Getty Images, Wikipedia, Masters.com, Bovada


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